By Murdoch J. Gabbay and Dominic P. Mulligan, from LFMTP 2009, available from Murdoch J. Gabbay’s website:
This paper develops the correspondence between equality reasoning with axioms using λ-terms syntax, and reasoning using nominal terms syntax. Both syntaxes involve name-abstraction: λ-terms represent functional abstraction; nominal terms represent atomsabstraction in nominal sets.
It is not evident how to relate the two syntaxes because their intended denotations are so different. We use universal algebra, the logic of equational reasoning, a logical foundation based on an equality judgement form which is spartan but which is sufficiently expressive to encode mathematics in theory and practice.
We investigate how syntax, algebraic theories, and derivability relate across λ-theories (algebra over λ-terms) and nominal algebra theories.