By Brigitte Pientka and Johua Dunfield, from PPDP 2008, available from the Beluga website:
This paper explores a new point in the design space of functional programming: functional programming with dependently-typed higher-order data structures described in the logical framework LF. This allows us to program with proofs as higher-order data. We present a decidable bidirectional type system that distinguishes between dependently-typed data and computations. To support reasoning about open data, our foundation makes contexts explicit. This provides us with a concise characterization of open data, which is crucial to elegantly describe proofs. In addition, we present an operational semantics for this language based on higher-order pattern matching for dependently typed objects. Based on this development, we prove progress and preservation.
Presentation slides are also available here.